The following set of background papers was designed to provide a starting
point for workshop discussions. They were contributed by a cross-section
of the leading researchers, managers, and decision-makers that the
NOAA Office of Global Programs has partnered with over the past 15
years through the sponsored research and applications activities of
its Climate and Societal Interactions Division.
The tremendous enthusiasm that this group of authors has demonstrated
by turning around such a rich group of papers in the span of only a
few weeks is a testament to the timeliness of the adaptation issue.
Rather than the peer-reviewed academic papers that so many of the authors
are accustomed to writing, these papers are thought pieces that explore
new ways of approaching an emerging issue. We particularly appreciate
the creativity and open-mindedness with which the contributors approached
their task of addressing this new topic.
We view these papers not only as the first step for workshop discussions,
but also as a catalyst for an emerging research agenda that will expand
the options for societies around the world in adapting to climatic
changes across time scales. Many of the papers were written expressly
for this workshop, while some were adapted from related contexts, and
others were drawn from previously published works that are particularly
relevant to the topic at hand.
They represent a wide range of perspectives on adaptation from a community
that spans continents, disciplines, and institutional frameworks. We
hope that these papers and the upcoming workshop will stimulate the
involvement of a broader group of researchers, stakeholders, and program
architects interested in advancing this compelling area of research.
We invite you to join us in the effort to enhance long-term capabilities
to anticipate and adapt to the climate of today and tomorrow.
Accepted Background Papers (PDF)
of Agricultural Production Systems to Climate Variability and Climate
Change: Lessons Learned and Proposed Research Approach" --
Walter E. Baethgen, Holger Meinke, Agustin Gimenez
to Climate in Urban Areas: Identification of Research Needs" --
Cynthia Rosenzweig, William D. Solecki
to Climate Variability and South African Livestock Systems: Lessons
for Long-term Climate Change" -- Kathleen A. Galvin, Philip
Thornton, and Randall Boone
"Adaptation Lessons Learnt in Kenya on Climate Variability and Change",
Responses to Climate Variability and Climate Change" -- James W.
Paper -- Anthony Patt
Climate Knowledge Lead to Better Rural Policies and Risk Management
Practices?" -- Holger Meinke, S. Mark Howden, Walter Baethgen,
Graeme L. Hammer, R.
Selvaraju, and Roger C. Stone
Adaptation in the Pacific: Lessons Learned" -- Eileen L. Shea
Change Activities in the Greater Horn of Africa (GHA) Being Undertaken
at DMCN" -- Laban Ogallo
Information and Western Water Institutions: Round Pegs in Square Holes?"
-- Doug Kenney
Variability: An Essential Ingredient in the GECAFS Caribbean Food Systems
Project" -- Adrian R. Trotman
Variability and Adaptation in the Desert Southwest" -- Mary H. Hayden
Models as Tools to Simulate In-Field Water Harvesting Under Different
SOI Scenarios" -- Sue Walker, Mitsuru Tsubo
– The Zambian Experience" -- Reidner G. Mumbi
Climate Information" -- Patrick Luganda
Climate Forecasts To Farmers Through Climate Field School: Indonesian
Experience" -- Rizaldi Boer, Kusnomo Tamkani, and A.R. Subbiah
and Participation in the Pacific: Lessons for Adaptation to Climate
Change & Variability" -- Cheryl L. Anderson
and Adapting to Climate Variability: The Role of Assets, Networks, Knowledge
and Institutions" -- Corinne Valdivia, Jere L. Gilles, Christian
Jetté, Roberto Quiroz, Rigoberto Espejo
Areas for Improvement in the Ability of SADC Agricultural Sector to
Benefit From Seasonal Forecasts" -- Emma Archer, Elijah Mukhala,
Sue Walker, Maxx Dilley
Climate Variability and Agriculture in Argentina: What Did We Learn?"
Guillermo P. Podestá, Kenny Broad, David Letson, Elke Weber,
Jim W. Hansen, Emilio Satorre, Hilda Herzer, Balaji Rajagopalan, Angel
International Sampling of Agricultural Applications of Seasonal Climate
From and Adapting to Climate Variability in the Pacific Northwest"
Amy K. Snover, Edward L. Miles, Alan F. Hamlet
from the Field" -- Jennifer Phillips
Learned for Climate Change Adaptation; Part 1- Implementation of Seasonal
Climate Forecasting in West Africa; Part 2- Impacts From and Adaptation
to Climate Change in Metro Boston, USA" -- Paul Kirshen, Keith
Ingram, Gerrit Hoogenboom, Christine Jost, Carla Roncoli , Matthias
Ruth, and Kelly Knee
Climate Variability and Future Climate Change: What They Mean for
United States’ Farming" -- William E. Easterling
and Technical Capacity Building in Support of Adaptation" -- Neil
Leary, Saleem Huq and Suruchi Bhadwal
Choices for Enhancing Capacity of Rural Communities to Adapt to Climate
Variability: A Case for Uganda" -- Milton Michael Waiswa
Use of Agroclimatic Zones As a Basis for Tailored Seasonal Rainfall Forecasts
for the Cropping Systems in Central Rift Valley" -- Sue Walker, Yohannes
G/Eyesus Getahun, Kindie Tesfaye, Girma Mamo, Abebe Yeshanew, Endalkachew
of Climate Information Based Reservoir Inflow Forecasts in Annual
Water Allocation:Ceara Case Study" -- A.Sankarasubramanian, Upmanu
Lall, Ashish Sharma and João Lucas
"What is Climate
Change? Policy Consequences of Differing Political and Scientific Definitions"
-- Roger A. Pielke, Jr.